The Eight Parts of Speech in the English Language
There are eight parts of speech in the English language: noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection.
These are words that are used to name persons, things, animals, places, ideas, or events.
- My friend’s name is Mary.
- I have a blue pen.
- The dog is hungry.
- My birthday is in May.
Pronouns replace nouns and make sentences shorter and clearer.
- She cut her finger.
- That book is mine.
- They go to school every day.
- Our teacher is kind.
An adjective is a describing word. It tells you more about nouns and pronouns.
- He is an old man.
- The ice cream is very sweet.
- Your clothes are very dirty.
- The sky is very blue.
Without verbs, you cannot make a sentence. A verb can express a physical action, a mental action, or a state of being.
- The boy is climbing the tree.
- I like to eat bananas
- You are very tall.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, adjective, and even another adverb.
- I like to walk slowly to school
- Please write more clearly.
- I sometimes walk to school.
- My friend lives next door.
A preposition shows the relationship between two other nearby words.
- My birthday is on Monday.
- The bird is flying in the sky.
- I get up at six o’clock.
- My house is behind the hospital.
Conjunctions connect words or sentences.
- My father is old but strong.
- Are you a boy or a girl?
- We have been friends since kindergarten.
- Can I have a book and a pen?
Interjections are words that express emotions.
- Merry Christmas!
- Ouch! That hurt.
- Good luck!